Can the Palestinian Authority Overcome Political Divisions in 2024?

West Bank governed by the Palestinian Authority



As we delve into the intricate web of Middle Eastern geopolitics in 2024, the Palestinian Authority (PA) stands as a pivotal entity at the heart of the enduring Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Established as a cornerstone of the Oslo Accords, the PA was tasked with the mammoth challenge of governing and representing Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, amidst a landscape marred by decades of conflict, political divisions, and economic hardships.

The Role of the Palestinian Authority in 2024

Governance and Political Structure: 

Today, the Palestinian Authority embodies a semi-presidential system, with Mahmoud Abbas at its helm, extending his presidency far beyond the intended term due to postponed elections. The PA’s governance spans various facets of civil life, yet it grapples with limitations imposed by the occupation and internal political strife, notably the rift between Fatah in the West Bank and Hamas in Gaza.

Challenges Facing the Palestinian Authority: 

Economic sustainability remains elusive for the PA, heavily reliant on foreign aid amidst an embargoed economy. This financial precarity is compounded by the ever-present specter of political divisions, undermining the PA’s efforts to serve as a cohesive and representative body for all Palestinians.

In this context, the Palestinian Authority’s role in 2024 is not just a reflection of its internal governance challenges but also a testament to the complexities of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Examining recent developments in the conflict and the PA’s peace efforts is crucial. It helps understand potential paths forward for the Palestinian Authority and the broader peace process in the region.

The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict in 2024: A Current Analysis

Recent Developments in the Conflict

The year 2024 has witnessed a continuum of the decades-long Israeli-Palestinian conflict, marked by sporadic escalations and a tense status quo. Recent events have underscored the volatile nature of the conflict, with both sides experiencing moments of intense confrontation. The international community is deeply concerned about the conflict. Various nations are making efforts to mediate and propose solutions. External actors, such as the United States and the European Union, play a pivotal role. Shifts in policy and diplomacy from these actors significantly impact the ground reality.

Notable among these are:

  • Escalated tensions in Jerusalem and the West Bank, with recurring clashes between Palestinian protesters and Israeli forces.
  • Continued expansion of Israeli settlements in the West Bank, a contentious issue that exacerbates territorial disputes and undermines the prospects for peace. Israeli Settlement Expansion provides an in-depth look into this critical issue.
  • The impact of regional alliances and international relations, particularly the normalization of ties between Israel and several Arab states under the Abraham Accords, which has reshaped the geopolitical landscape of the Middle East. Revisiting Abraham Accords in 2024 offers insights into how these developments affect.


Efforts towards establishing peace

Efforts towards peace have been multifaceted, with the Palestinian Authority playing a central role in negotiations. The PA’s engagement in peace talks, despite internal and external challenges, signifies its commitment to seeking a resolution. However, the path to peace is fraught with complexity, involving contentious issues such as the status of Jerusalem, settlements, and the right of return for Palestinian refugees. The Oslo Accords from 1993 to 2024 have laid a foundational framework for peace discussions, yet the full realization of their objectives remains elusive.

Amidst the ongoing conflict, several peace initiatives and negotiations have sought to address the core issues at stake:

  • The Two-State Solution, long considered the cornerstone of international efforts to resolve the conflict, faces renewed scrutiny and debate. Can the Two-State Solution Survive Today? explores the viability of this approach in the current context.
  • Dialogue and negotiations between Israeli and Palestinian leaders, facilitated by international mediators, continue to occur, albeit with varying degrees of success and commitment.


Key Challenges and Opportunities for the Palestinian Authority

Internal and External Pressures

The Palestinian Authority faces a dual challenge: managing internal governance issues while navigating the external geopolitical landscape. Internally, the PA grapples with governance inefficiencies and corruption perceptions. It faces the daunting task of unifying the Palestinian populace under a single political vision. Externally, the PA is influenced by regional dynamics, including Israel’s policies and the strategic interests of neighboring Arab states. It is also affected by the broader international community’s stance on the conflict.

  • The balance between governance and the pressures of occupation, along with the need to maintain international support while managing internal divisions, particularly between Fatah and Hamas.
  • Economic challenges, exacerbated by restrictions on movement, access to resources, and external aid dependencies.


Paths Forward for the Palestinian Authority: 

Looking ahead, the PA has both challenges and opportunities. Economically, it must find sustainable ways to improve Palestinians’ living conditions. This could involve enhancing internal governance and leveraging international aid more effectively. Politically, the PA could seek to strengthen its position by fostering greater unity among Palestinian factions. This step could enhance its leverage in peace negotiations.The revisiting of the Abraham Accords in 2024 offers a new regional context that the PA could navigate to its advantage, seeking to engage more actively with Arab states and the international community to garner support for its objectives.

For the PA to effectively address these challenges and leverage opportunities, several strategies could be pivotal:

  • Strengthening internal unity among Palestinian factions, to present a united front in negotiations and governance.
  • Engaging with international partners to ensure continued support for the Palestinian cause and economic development.
  • Promoting peace initiatives that address the fundamental issues of the conflict, including territorial disputes, the status of Jerusalem, and the rights of refugees. Oslo Accords from 1993 to 2024 revisits the historical context and implications of past agreements.


Table: Challenges and Opportunities for the Palestinian Authority in 2024

Aspect Challenges Opportunities
Internal Unity – Political divisions between Fatah and Hamas. – Strengthening internal unity to present a united front in negotiations.
Economic Stability – Dependence on international aid.- Restrictions impacting the economy. – Engaging with international partners for economic support and development.
Peace Initiatives – The complexity of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.- Varied success of past negotiations. – Promoting peace initiatives that address core issues of the conflict.
International Relations – Balancing regional and international pressures. – Leveraging international relations to garner support for the Palestinian cause.

By addressing these aspects, the PA can navigate the complexities of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict more effectively and work towards a sustainable future.


The Palestinian Authority, amidst the complexities of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in 2024, stands at a crossroads. The challenges faced by the Palestinian Authority (PA) are diverse, including governance, economic sustainability, and broader geopolitical shifts. These require a multifaceted approach that balances pragmatism with steadfast commitment to the Palestinian cause. The future of the PA and the conflict hinges significantly on navigating these challenges with a vision towards peace, stability, and coexistence.

In conclusion, the PA’s future and its role in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict depend on its ability to navigate internal and external challenges. Political acumen, governance reforms, and international engagement are crucial for impacting peace efforts and realizing Palestinian aspirations.

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